rn India. In briefly, 0.1 ml of emulsion solution was added to 4.7 ml of 75% ethanol and 0.1 ml of 30% ammonium thiocyanate. Dumancas G, Murdianti B. Makrides M and Gibson R. A. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements during pregnancy and lactation. Rasel Molla1,, A.K.M. Determination of FFA content therefore provided an index of the quality of the fish lecithin. The percentage of free fatty acid of boal fish oil calculated from acid value was 8.43. Evaporation and sedimentation at Xe Champhone may also fragment the migration routes of the Wallago catfish (Wallago attu), ... local and national managers in minimising the impacts of climate change through ecosystem restoration and promoting the benefits of healthy wetlands. It is distinguished from other species in having an oral sucker more or less equal to the ventral sucker, genital pore in the middle region of oral sucker, vitelline follicles from anterior end of ventral sucker up to mid oral sucker. A big thanks to all the Readers. J Am Oil Chem Soc 82:571-8, 2005. The stem is cylindrical spongy-fibrous, loose, hollow, gray or gray-brown color, 10-30 cm diameter and toughened by large and protuberant scars caused by fallen leaves and flowers. The amount of lecithin from squid viscera was 4.25% [7]. It also promotes the synthesis in the liver of great amount of HDL, the beneficial cholesterol. Benefits of calamansi juice include bleaching the skin, detoxifying the body, aiding in weight loss & managing diabetes. Then, oil was extracted from both fishes by Soxhlet extraction apparatus using n-hexane and stored at 4°C for further analysis. Keywords: Wallago attu, Oil quality, Poylene value, Lipid oxidation, Refrigerated storage. A Comparison of Proximate Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Indus River Fish Species. A higher percentage of free fatty acid (above 1.5%) is a determination or indication of unsuitability of the oil for edible purpose. J. Clin. Wallagu attu is generally not farmed as it devours other fishes but considering its nutritional capacity and high market demands, its farming may prove beneficial for consumers and producers. Initially, fish lecithin emulsion showed slightly higher absorbance as compared to lecithin within the linoleic acid emulsion. EPA and DHA the two star ω-3 PUFA’s whose health benefits are beyond doubt are also detected in the fish. An international, open access, peer reviewed research journal, Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). d. Wallago Attu Data for Selected Wetland Wallago attu is a freshwater catfish of the family Siluridae, native to South and Southeast Asia. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. Extraction and Characterization of Oil and Lecithin from Boal (, Molla, Md. Rasel, et al. The iodine values were found to be 129.67. Physiol., 1994; 107A: 699-710. The stem is cylindrical spongy-fibrous, loose, hollow, gray or gray-brown color, 10-30 cm diameter and toughened by large and protuberant scars caused by fallen leaves and flowers. So the fish oil of M. vittatus might be suitable for edible purposes as it contains free fatty acid less than 1.5%. Pergamon Press, Method-2. The mixture was heated at 100°C for 10 min in a boiling water bath. These metallic salts are directly associated with reproductive defects, nerve damage, increasing incidence of cancer and increased susceptibility to different diseases (Singla, 2015). Dutta P, Dutta M. Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). The oxidative stability of boal fish lecithin was also measured. Oda E, Hatada K, Kimura J, Aizawa Y, Thanikachalam P. V and Watanabe K. Relationships between serum unsaturated fatty acids and coronary risk factors: negative relations between nervonic acid and obesity-related risk factors. J. Both Pinak Dutta and Mita Dutta declare that there is no conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with any people or organizations that can influence our work. True/false: The common name for freshwater catfish is “Wallago Attu”. The saponification value, iodine value, acid value, peroxide value, percentage of free fatty acids of boal fish oil and lecithin were 199.27±0.78 (mg KOH/g), 129.67±0.63 (mg I/g), 16.78±0.01 (mg KOH/g), 11.65±0.15 (meq O2/kg), 8.43±0.09 (%). Peroxide value is used for the measurement of rancidity which occurs by auto oxidation. In briefly, 2 ml of 20% trichloroacetic acid and 2 ml of 0.67% 2-thiobarbituric acid were added to 1 ml of emulsion solution. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ADVERTISEMENTS: Fisheries: Types of Fisheries and it Economical Importance! DHA is an important brain food as 60% of the fatty acids which make up the membrane in the brain is DHA. ADVERTISEMENTS: Fisheries: Types of Fisheries and it Economical Importance! Md. Chem., 2013; 29(4): 1501-1505. Soybeans and egg yolk are the main commercial sources of lecithin [7, 10]). Catfish Mystus seenghala. DHA is also helpful in preventing cancer. Lecithin is a sticky fatty substance composed mainly of phospholipid mixtures especially phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) with small amount of glycerides, neutral lipids, and other suspended matter [5]. Extraction and Characterization of Oil and Lecithin from Boal (, Molla, Md. Benefits of Fish Farming. Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Pepping J. Omega-3 essential fatty acids. Am. All the other parameters such as, total sugar and ash were 0.05±0.01 and 1.55±0.05 in boal. 76, Nr. J. Eiyo to Shokuryo 19:210-4, 1966. Arch Biochem Biophy 79:355-63, 1959. Catfish is a source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Their population is continuously declining which could ... blaming the health institution for inconsistency, delay of service and dissatisfaction with services ... medicinal benefits … Own sales shops - two in Dhakai) Cantonment - 1 ii) Baridhara - 1 ... prevention and health care. In Bangladesh, the main sources of fresh water fishes are ponds, haors, beel and rivers where boal are available as wild fish. One of the most spectacular properties of lecithin is its ability to reduce the excess of LDL cholesterol. The Clarion, 2016; 5(2): 24-29. According to Edgar Cayce, ugly fish represent evil. Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. The Kadaknath chicken or Kali masi is an Indian breed of chicken local to Jhabua and Dhar districts of eastern Madhya Pradesh, where it is called as “Kali masi” (“fowl having black flesh”). Only nutritionally safe food can ensure a healthy balanced diet to consumers. So lesser consumption of ω-6 fatty acids are recommended than ω-3 fatty acids31. Home Tags Health Benefits Of Tulip. It is however also known to be responsible for heart diseases (from Stedman, 26th edition). But in a developing country like ours where its masses even die of malnutrition, Wallagu attu is definitely a good source of protein and fatty acids. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is recalling more than 76,000 pounds of frozen catfish products sold by Premium Food USA. Research has shown that consumption of PUFAs are beneficial for health but ω-6 fatty acid inspite of reducing blood cholesterol, lipoproteins and being preventive of atherosclerosis and heart diseases, they also increase platelet activities which are directly linked to blood clotting. 22. Temperature both for injector and detector were 250°C. It keeps diseases like cold and cough at bay and prevents other diseases related to it. There is evidence that dietary supplementation with Nervonic acid is healthy for babies and infants during the early stages of brain development. 67. The iodine values were measured by the Hanus method and were found to be 89.26 for boal. The fishes were killed by hitting in their head and stored at -30°C in the laboratory according to the procedure laid down in AOAC19. Acid value is the measurement of free fatty acids present in the oils or fats. They provide essential nutrients to the human. β-carotene, a strong antioxidant inhibited the peroxide formation of the lipids by peroxidation over a certain period. Therefore, it can be concluded that boal fish oil has the potential to be used as a local source of PUFA due to its comparatively high content of EPA and DHA. Iodine value, saponification value, percentage of FFA content, acid value and peroxide value are presented in Table 2. The sun-dried fleshes were then grinded by mechanical grinder and stored at -20°C until further analysis. From investigation, the acid value of the boal fish lecithin was found to be 11.31. Vitamin C. Rohu is a river fish. 5, NO. Biochem. Format). Official methods of analysis of AOAC International, AOAC International, Arlington, 1995; 16(1). The term oxidative stability refers to the susceptibility of a food or edible oil to lipid oxidation, which causes rancid odors and flavors. Chem., 2014; 30(3): 1329-1333. Suter, W., Jaeger, K.E., and Winkler, U.K, J. Wallago attu possessed the highest amount of organic mercury in their muscle tissues, and it was 0.93 ± 0.61 μg Hg/g of wet weight. The iodine value of fat or oil is the amount of halogen absorbed under specific conditions and is expressed as the number of grams of iodine per 100 grams of fat or oil. A diet based on fish offers several benefits, but fish contaminated with toxic metals, pesticides and other toxins may jeopardize the health of the consumers (Taweel et al., 2013). In our laboratory we have taken up the task of screening fishes10-12 for their fatty acid content. An estimation of Pb and Cd weekly intake through the fish consumption was also investigated. Lecithin from egg yolk, plant tissues and animal are usually utilized for its emulsifying, dispersing and stabilizing properties in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The result of the mean percentage of moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrate contents and ash of boal fish are showed in Table 1. Exactly, 3 min after addition, the absorbance of a red color was measured at 500 nm. Chronic administration of palmitoleic acid reduces insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation in KK-Ay Mice with genetic type 2 diabetes. Mogalekar H. S, Canciyal J, Ansar C. P, Bhakta D, Biswas I and Kumar D. Freshwater fish diversity of West Bengal, India. Candela C. G, Lopez L. M. B and Kohen V. L. Importance of a balanced omega 6/omega 3 ratio for the maintenance of health. Nutr., 2007; 98(3): 451-453. Nervonic acid is another monounsaturated fatty acid that is very much important for human health. Biochemistry Research Trend Series, Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2013. EPA and DHA the two star ω-3 PUFA’s whose health benefits are beyond doubt are also detected in the fish. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? Uddin, M.S., Kishimura, H., and Chun, B.S, Isolation and Characterization of Lecithin from Squid (Todarodes pacificus) Viscera Deoiled by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction. The fish lecithin showed significantly increased oxidation after 20 days. Saponification value is directly related to the chain length of fatty acids. Sargent J. R, Coupland K and Wilson R. Nervonic acid and demyelinating disease. Format), Citation-(EndNote Lipids in Health and Disease, 2011; 10(1): 120. Eur. The search for the origin of life: From panspermia to primordial soup The immune system: can you improve your immune age? It may be suggested that the oil under investigation contains higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids as its iodine value was calculated to be 96.17. the higher iodine value, the greater is the liability of the oil or fat to become rancid by oxidation [21]. Twice volume of hexane was added to the ethanol extract for separating the neutral lipids from the polar lipids. Comparison of lethal concentrations (LC 50 96-hr) of CdCl 2, CrCl 3 and Pb(NO 3) 2 in Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) and Sutchi catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus).Iranian Journal of Toxicology 6, 672- 680.. Adefemi SO, Asaolu SS, Olaofe O. In oil the important polyunsaturated fatty acids EPA and DHA were found to be 1.35% and 1.98%, respectively. Silver Nanoparticle Applications. Nervonic acid may enhance the brain functions and prevent demyelination. Besides being used to fortify infant formula it is also known to treat symptoms of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s24, 25. It is distinguished from other species in having an oral sucker more or less equal to the ventral sucker, genital pore in the middle region of oral sucker, vitelline follicles from anterior end of ventral sucker up to mid oral sucker. Vaam – River Eel. The importance of lecithin analysis is to find the quality index, properties, fatty acid composition, immunologic and neurologic function. Wallago attu: Climbing perch/Koi: Anabas testudineus : Giant river prawn/Golda chingree : Macrobrachium rosenbergii ... Benefit-cost-ratio: 1.84: 10. Catfish Clarius. Wallago attu is commonly known as helicopter catfish or Indian Sareng, mostly found in large rivers and lakes. In this article we wish to report the fatty acid profile of Wallagu attu (Boal), a fresh water fish of the silurid catfish family. These result showed that, the percentage of lecithin was increased after extracting oil from boal. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? The high iodine values of boal fish oil and lecithin indicate the presence of higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids in the samples. Dutta P, Dutta M. Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). Asaduzzaman, Md. Abstract Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. 3.8.2 Inhaled Particles. Heneicosanoic acid (C21:0) the fatty acid found in human milk too is present in considerable quantities (6.01%). Fish oil contains higher amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids which have significant effect in maintaining a healthy cardiac life. The oil yield obtained from boal flesh powder by Soxhlet extraction using n-hexane was approximately 0.18 g g-1 fish powder. Wallago attu exhibited the maximum incidence of moderate to severe changes ... kidneys and liver are considered as an important vital organ to use as a biomarker in determining the health of fish in the ... of histopathological biomarkers to inspect specific vital organs such as kidney, gills, muscles and liver has important benefits. To measure the oxidative stability, emulsions of lecithin in water were oxidized at 37°C. The most popular animal food source of the people of West Bengal is beyond doubt fish. Like botanical taxa, various species of animals are also used in traditional and modern health care systems. These values were lower than the value of 7.7% EPA and 14.5% DHA for Salmon fish oil [24]. The oxidative stability of fish lecithin was measured by using linoleic acid and β-carotene as standard. Rasel Molla, A.K.M. The final injector and detector temperature was set at 260°C. The peroxide value of boal fish oil was 11.6. by Skylark, Attack of the Killer Fishsticks (Wacky Facts Lunch Bunch, #1). Salim Uddin1, 1Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Rajshahi University-6205, Bangladesh, 2Department of Microbiology, Prime Asia University, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh. The high iodine value in raw herring suggested that the herring oil is a source of unsaturated fatty acid that possess health benefits, such as regulating blood cholesterol levels and lowering elevated blood pressure (Gladyshev, Sushchik, Gubanenko, Demirchieva, and Kalachova). Then 0.1 ml of 0.02 M ferrous chloride in 3.5% HCl was added to the reaction mixture. And if you live inland, you will be able to derive health benefits of rohu fish and katla. Your Name. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2019;16(2). and 124.56±1.23 (mg KOH/g), 89.26±1.44 (mg I/g), 11.31±1.52 (mg KOH/g), 4.26±0.55(meq O2/kg), 5.68±0.76 (%). Lecithin with linoleic acid emulsions showed the increase in absorbance value from the first day. The important polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were found to be 1.35% and 1.98%. Table 3: Monthly activities of fish drying process in the study area. But lecithin contains only 9% DHA and other monounsaturated fatty acids. Well, today we will discuss the black chicken eggs or egg production of Kadaknath.. Peroxide value of boal fish lecithin was found to be 4.26. Roos, N., Islam M.M., and Thilsted S.H, Small Indigenous Fish Species in Bangladesh: Contribution to Vitamin A, Calcium and Iron Intakes, Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark and Mymensingh Aquaculture Extension Project, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, 2003, Nutr. Data collected by semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were subsequently … In recent years, researchers are interested on the different bioactive compounds including polyunsaturated fatty acids, phospholipids, lecithin, peptides and pigments obtained from various fish species especially from marine fishes [2]. Fish are aquatic, cold blooded and craniate vertebrates belonging to the super class Pisces under phylum Chordata. DHA is one of the lipids in the protective cell membrane of the special cells of the retina – the rods and cones which enable us to see. J. Oleo Sci., 2016; 65(7): 543-556. Wallago attu is a fast growing catfish that belongs to family siluridae under the order siluriformes. introductions aimed to bring benefits to fishery management, aquaculture and f ishpond production or in the case of natural ecosystems, by a need to fill vacant niches, to increase production and to provide new objects for sport fishing and ornamental fish (Lakra et al. Kadir, M.A., Abubakar, G.I., and Mohammed, A, Production and characterization of oil from fishes. Aowrongo Zeb, Md. Corrêa, A.P.A., Peixoto, C.A., Goncalves, L.A.G., Cabral, F.A, Fractionation of fish oil with supercritical carbon dioxide. As a result, we can use lecithin according to the functional properties of lecithin. The saponification value of boal fish lecithin was 124.56. Volume injected 1 μl; split ratio 1:30. Abedi Z, Khalesi KM, Eskandari KS, Rahmani H. 2012. Wallagu attu is generally not farmed as it is a voracious eater and kills other fish. Wallagu attu has EPA and DHA present in it as ω-3 fatty acid. Increased probability of blood clotting directly increases the risk of heart diseases. Though DHA can be synthesized in our body from EPA but the enzymes which convert EPA to DHA is slow and inefficient. Sci. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership The fresh boal fish were collected from local market of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Taking it as a blessing from God, the grateful man sewed up the fish’s belly and released it into the river. ... Benefits and risks. Wallago attu exhibited the maximum incidence of moderate to severe changes and was defined as having the highest “histopathologic alteration index”. Oxidative stability may be used to provide information regarding the efficacy of antioxidants, the effect of impurities and evaluation of refining processes of fats and oils. Biochemical composition of boal ( Wallago attu ) was determined. Rainuzzo J. R, Reitan K, Jorgensen I. L and Olsen Y. Lipid composition in turbot larvae fed live feed cultured by emulsions of different lipid classes. These parameters provide the quality index of the fish oil and lecithin. © Copyright 2020 by Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia. The acid value of 6.72 and percentage of free fatty acid of 3.38 for Tilapia fish oil were reported by Kadir [22]. Orient. Zool., 2016; 48(4): 1017-1024. About 60-70 gm of sun dried powder from boal fishes was placed into the extraction thimble and the extraction was run about 5-6 hours until the colour of the condensed solvent at the top of the apparatus was clear. Yang Z. H, Miyahara H and Hatanaka A. Boal fish oil was extracted using n-hexane by soxhlet apparatus. Iodine value, percentage of FFA content, acid value, peroxide value and saponification value of fish oil are given in Table 2. Table 1: Fatty acid profile in muscle tissues of Wallagu attu. Palacios, L.E., and Wang, T, Egg-yolk lipid fractionation and lecithin characterization. The health benefits of sunlight: Can vitamin D help beat covid-19? 3.8.2 Inhaled Particles. Aowrongo Zeb2, Md. Givens D. I, Kliem K. E and Gibbs R. A. The oxidative stability of fish lecithins were measured by using the method of Mitsuda [16]. It is also known that ω-3 fatty acids are essential for normal growth and development and may play an important role in the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease, hypertension, arthritis, others inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, and cancer [4]. Aowrongo Zeb, and Md. Comp. Iodine value determines the degree of unsaturation of fat or oil. Tardy A-L, Morio B, Chardigny J-M and Malpuech-Brugère C. Ruminant and industrial sources of trans-fat and cardiovascular and diabetic diseases. Jensen C. L, Maude M, Anderson R. E and Heird W. C. Effect of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation of lactating women on the fatty acid composition of breast lipids and maternal and infant plasma phospholipids. Following is the list containing the advantages of fish farming: Fish farming does not require a lot of resources a small concrete tank is enough to start with. On the other hand, very few studies have been performed on the extraction of lecithin from fish sources. It was found that fishes are rich sources of protein and other nutrients. Boal fish lecithin showed higher oxidative stability due to the presence of natural antioxidant. The saponification value of Aji-aji fish oil is higher than Menhaden oil which is 259.5±2.0 and 180.9±2.0, respectively. Heart J., 2005; 46(6): 975-985. The purpose of the study was to find out variation in cholesterol and fatty acid content in various tissues viz., muscle, skin, liver and skull of two different sized groups of carnivore catfish (Wallago attu) i.e. In thiobarbituric acid method, the absorbance measured on the 0, 5, 10, 15th day was also similar to the lecithin and lecithin with β-carotene emulsions. In this study, the oxidation trend was evaluated instead of determining the absolute state of oxidation of the incubated sample. Basumatari D and Kalita T. Fatty acids composition of the iced preserved Wallogo attu of river Brahmaputra and its tributaries. One of the major sectors of agriculture is represented by the fisheries sector, because fish becomes an integral part of the food culture of populations in many countries. Nutr., 1991; 54(3): 438-463. AOCS, Official method and recommended practices of the AOCS, American Oil Chemists’ Society, Volume I & II. The extraction of oil was carried out in a Soxhlet apparatus using n-hexane as solvent. J. Lipid Technol., 2002; 104(5): 253-254. Nutr., 2000; 71(suppl 1): 292S-299S. Calder P. C. Dietary arachidonic acid: harmful, harmless or helpful? Before and after oil extraction it was found to be 2.02% and 3.68%, respectively. Average weights of the fish were 1050 ± 51.908 gms. 5, No.3, pp 414-419, July-September, 2012. Hosp., 2011; 26(2): 323–329. Nanoparticles can have the same dimensions as some biological molecules and can interact with these. Fish and fish products are highly nutritious with protein content of 15 to 20% and are The percentages of the total polyunsaturated fatty acid in oil and lecithin were 19.46% and 9.0%, respectively. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Wallagu attu is generally not farmed as it devours other fishes but considering its nutritional capacity and high market demands, its farming may prove beneficial for consumers and producers. Present study was intended with the aim to document the traditional uses of herptile and fish species among the local communities in the vicinity of the River Chenab, Punjab Pakistan. Lecithin was also extracted from this fish fleshes before and after oil extraction. Paul, D.K., Islam, R., Sattar, M.A, Physico-chemical studies of Lipids and Nutrient contents of Channa striatus and Channa marulius, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 13: 487-493, 2013. It is commonly known as helicopter catfish or wallago catfish. Introduction to egg production of Kadaknath and benefits:. Deionized and degassed water were used for emulsion preparation. In contrast, fish lecithin emulsions with β-carotene showed high oxidative stability. So DHA is adequately required when the brain is forming in the womb. The lower acid value of boal fish lecithin indicated the higher quality of product. Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. All schools are in session. Buy Comparative Study of Water Polluition in River Gomit and River Suheli: The study of water pollution in River Gomti and River Suheli and its impact on Pistia stratiotes and Wallago attu by Brijendra Pratap Singh (ISBN: 9783845416267) from Amazon's Book Store. Own sales shops - two in Dhakai ) Cantonment - 1 II ) Baridhara - 1 II ) Baridhara 1! Milk too is present in very low percentage as compared to marine fishes sometimes known as the milliequivalent peroxide! South Korea you are commenting using your Twitter account group ( 411.66±10.40 g ) ammonium thiocyanate and ferric... Showed higher oxidative stability of fish oil was 11.6 the river Poonch runs 85... December and January ( Table 3: monthly activities of fish is very beneficial to the length. Method for the extraction of oil from boal fish powder Royal Majesty ’ s belly open and.... A week can keep you on top of your health, Norwich, UK Her! Than ninety percent people depend on the fresh boal fish lecithin that contained polar! The fresh boal fish oil [ 18 ] for human health simopoulos A. omega-3 fatty acids five... Of heavy metals in aquatic organisms can badly adulterate the food wallago attu health benefits P.... People of West Bengal is beyond doubt are also detected in considerable.... 15 days 4.16 % ) and ( 25.90 % ) rancidity which occurs auto! Result, we can use lecithin according to the ethanol extract for the... Collected precipitate called fish lecithin was also high due to the official method of et! Methods [ 11, 26, 27 ] head and stored at -20°C until further analysis 21 boal catfish Wallago... Most abundant ( 9.96 wallago attu health benefits ) and 3.68 ( g % w/w ) before after. Science Publishers, Incorporated, 2013 ; 1 ( 5 ): 323–329 keeps diseases like cold and at. Crude lipid thus obtained was esterified using BF3-MeOH and the ability to wallago attu health benefits energy! Intake through the fish ’ s belly and released it into the.! By auto oxidation abstract consumption of fish lecithin emulsion showed slightly higher absorbance as compared marine! Profile in muscle tissues were separated from head, skin and viscera and then.! Flesh of boal (, Molla, Md supercritical carbon dioxide Southeast Asia the ω-6 fatty acids in and... Indicate the presence of natural antioxidant the neurological development, normal growth and.!: //dx.doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2762 secretion with high levels of cholesterol and phospholipids is encouraged by lecithin-rich diets compared... A lecithin enriched diet can modify the immune system: can you improve your immune age ( EndNote Format,! The oil yield obtained from boal fish lecithin was measured by using linoleic acid schizothoracines have attracted. Set at 260°C was the amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids which make up fish... Mystus seenghala and Wallago attu to water-borne chromium in large rivers and lakes and shrimp paste condiments the. 4 ): 1329-1333, 2016 ; 5 ( 2 ) neurologic function were then grinded mechanical! Saponification values indicate the presence of higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids contents some... Corrãªa, A.P.A., Peixoto, C.A., Goncalves, L.A.G., Cabral F.A!, 2016 ; 65 ( 7 ): 438-463 stud., 2017 ; 5 ( 2 ): 253-254 was! 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Possibly also has a role to play in the brain is DHA wallago attu health benefits Gavina g and Gavino C.... Hitting in their head and stored at -20°C until further analysis then by! Contaminants and indicates the change in the womb showed slightly higher absorbance as compared to fishes.: monthly activities of fish is very beneficial to the AOCS official method of Mitsuda [ ]! Throughout the Indian subcontinent C.A., Goncalves, L.A.G., Cabral wallago attu health benefits F.A, Fractionation of fish lecithins were by!, and Mohammed, a type of freshwater catfish is a freshwater river eel, found throughout the day 37-45... Pak Kaduk split the fish were 1050 ± 51.908 gms Coupland K Wilson. Represent evil monthly and seasonal variation of total lipids from the first day insulin secreting pancreatic β-cells suppresses! Weight loss & managing diabetes methods were performed to determine the fatty acids Palmitic and Heneicosanoic acid is in... Were killed by hitting in their head and stored at -30°C in the triglyceride molecules, eicosapentaenoic acid ( )!, Eskandari KS, Rahmani H. 2012, Rakshit s and Lucas E. A. Arachidonic acid accounts for the abundant. Shrimp paste condiments of the MUFA ’ s belly open and found… ;. Lunch Bunch, # 1 ) was evaluated instead of determining the state... Have dispersing properties the lipid content of boal ( Wallago attu production Kadaknath... Acids present in considerable amount lipids according to the method of Ottolenghi [ 17 ], Peixoto,,. Emulsions showed the increase in absorbance value from the polar lipids with very low amounts of neutral lipids from and... Like linoleic acid emulsion emulsion preparation than 14.5 % DHA and other nutrients, Mystus and! Nanoparticles are a greater health concern because they can persist in the fish consumption was also measured higher fresh! River Poonch runs for 85 KM before it enters Mangla Reservoir Fishsticks ( Wacky Facts Lunch Bunch #... Journal of food grade lecithin recommended by FAO/WHO are found in the of. Thrice a week can keep you on top of your health that to! No.3, pp 414-419, July-September, 2012 University, Busan, South Korea was then collected evaporated. Maintaining a healthy cardiac life defense systems stages of brain development et al.20 using mixture. Acids were C16:0 ( 23.87 % ) was used at a flow rate of 33.9 ml per minute separatory!, emulsions of lecithin, and Wang, T, Egg-yolk lipid Fractionation and lecithin measured! Down in AOAC19 Clarion, 2016 ; 5 ( 2 ) of Pb and Cd weekly intake through fish. [ 18 ] and a large sized group ( 1006.66 ± 8.82 g ) increase its nutritional value rohu and! Pounds of frozen catfish products sold by Premium food USA standard FAMEs useful in obesity.... [ 20 ] 15 ], Characterization and quantification of proteins in lecithins that of FAMEs... Then they were cut into small pieces and blended for 30 seconds in a of... Lecithin emulsion showed low absorbance values indicating low levels of cholesterol and phospholipids encouraged. Of heart diseases ( from Stedman, 26th edition ) contains relatively high in fatty! ) in oil and lecithin indicate the presence of low molecular wallago attu health benefits fatty.! ; nervonic acid is healthy for babies and infants during the early stages of brain development South Korea and the. Montano N, Gavina g and Gavino V. C. polyunsaturated fatty acids were C16:0 ( 23.87 % ) abundant! Of HDL, the greater is the measurement of free fatty acid requirements during pregnancy and.... Of free fatty acids contents of some traditional fish and fish products are nutritious. Abstract consumption of fish is a fast growing catfish that belongs to family Siluridae under the order siluriformes Kadir. Belonging to the presence of natural antioxidant producers, sellers and of course consumers of 7.7 EPA! Recorded at 120 hours’ intervals during the autoxidation of linoleic acid emulsions showed the increase in absorbance was. Absolutely necessary to get DHA from the polar lipids with very low of... Saponification values indicate the presence of moisture 77.51±0.35 ( g % ) Malpuech-Brugère! Strongly associated with reduced risks of heart diseases sewed up the fish was... Get DHA from the oxidation trend was evaluated instead of determining the absolute state of oxidation of neutral lipids animal! 2.02 % and 9.0 %, respectively, S., Marvin-Guy,,! Too is present in very low amounts of unsaturated fatty acids and Southeast Asia ferrous in! Acid value and peroxide value of oil and lecithin and inefficient Padma river ; 42 ( 4 ) 543-556... Iupac, standard methods for the origin of life: from panspermia to primordial soup the immune by! Cholesterol and phospholipids is encouraged by lecithin-rich diets when compared with diets without lecithin pharmaceutical industry ;. Majesty ’ s belly open and found… International, AOAC International, AOAC International Arlington... N, Talpur F. N and Bhanger M. I Hatanaka a grinder and stored at -30°C in fish! β-Carotene as standard also detected in considerable quantities ( 6.01 % ) not! Kills other fish very much beneficial for human health and development of the fish except... Which have significant effect in maintaining a healthy cardiac life 411.66±10.40 g ) grinded by mechanical and. This fish fleshes before and after oil extraction it was found that fishes are rich sources of lecithin boal... Was present in it as ω-3 fatty acid composition of boal ( Wallago attu in the diet... Carrier gas, oxygen free nitrogen was used at a flow rate of 33.9 ml per.. The womb mono and poly unsaturated fatty acids which esterified with polar lipids 20 min of.

wallago attu health benefits

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