Due to various restrictions on our monitoring program as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have had to reduce the number of sites we are monitoring this season, but the sites we are able to maintain will hopefully give us a good representation of what is happening around the Southern and Mid-Coast regions with spotted wing drosophila populations. Claim: A saltwater solution will force insect pests out of infested strawberries. This year, our main projects examine the overwintering behavior, alternative host crops, and ability of various trap attractants that will hopefully help better our understanding of these invasive pests. No zero catch was obtained at this site. This means it can be much more damaging to garden crops. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Monitoring Traps . Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. Spotted wing drosophila flies can be monitored with apple cider vinegar baited cup-traps. Juliet Carroll, Fruit IPM Coordinator, NYS IPM Program Based on methods tested by Steven Alm, Dept. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). Traps should be placed in multiples about 25-50 ft. apart, so at least two traps along the field edge and two traps in the field interior in larger fields where the edge is a considerable distance from the field. The red cup trap, two bottle traps, and the Trappit trap. Traps lacking these sticky cards have caught spotted wing drosophila regularly, and the apple cider vinegar only system is quite effective. A single fly quickly … of Entomology, Cornell University. Unfortunately, unlike the native, the spotted wing drosophila also feeds on developing fruit. Integrated pest management (IPM) programs for the spotted-wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) rely on insecticide applications to reduce adult populations and prevent fruit infestation. The adult flies can be monitored using bait traps. of Plant Sciences and Entomology, University of Rhode Island, Richard Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station and Greg Loeb, Dept. Users of these products assume all associated risks. (A) Materials used in a SWD trap are a clear plastic cup with lid, pure apple cider vinegar, a drop of liquid soap, and wire or twine to hang the trap. Subfamily: Drosophilinae. Berry growers should set out traps to monitor SWD populations in their fields. The bottom line is that apple cider vinegar works very well as a bait. SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA (Drosophila suzukii) Although there are native species of fruit or vinegar flies in North America, the spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a relatively new introduction that damages certain fruit crops throughout the country. Place stake at the edge of the field with the cup attached at about eye height four to six feet. Clear any tall vegetation away from the trap so that it’s easily accessible. For the bait: Stir together live yeast, sugar, and water in a container large enough to handle some expansion. Presence of the pest is the first step to determine future management strategies. David Handley, Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist; James Dill, Pest Management Specialist, Christina Howard, Produce Safety Professional. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm. Research suggests that when six to ten flies are caught in a yeast-baited trap in a week, larvae will start appearing in the fruit. I included a video actually showing the larvae crawling around in the raspberry. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) fruit fly numbers have been increasing over the past week in most of the sites that we are monitoring. Cooperative Extension: Maine Wild Blueberries, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, Monitoring for Spotted Wing Drosophilia (YouTube), 4- to 6-foot stake and large clamp holder (for hanging cup). One can use pure apple cider vinegar as bait. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. No endorsement is implied nor is any discrimination intended against other products with similar ingredients. P.O. A new study in Michigan found that spotted-wing drosophila consistently prefer red, glue-covered monitoring traps made of rectangles of plastic or spheres of plastic compared to the most commonly used clear deli-cup traps. The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is an invasive pest native to Asia that has recently invaded Europe and the Americas. It is inexpensive and simple to use. Place the dough bait container into the trap. A male spotted wing drosophila (SWD) on blueberry; another likely SWD is in the background. Adult flies are needed to confirm species. Contech fruit fly trap (E. Beers, August 2010) Deli cup bait trap for spotted wing drosophila (E. Beers, August 2010) We expect populations to increase in the coming weeks as more food (fruit) becomes available for the flies, especially if conditions remain warm and humid. Be sure to read and follow all pesticide product labels carefully, especially in regards to days to harvest restrictions and the number of applications allowed per growing season. How to Trap Spotted Wing Drosophila. These traps are being monitored by the grower at this location. The most effective management plans integrate a mix of cultural, preventative and chemical (either organic or synthetic pesticide) practices. Electric drill or punch with 1/8-inch punch size drill bit. Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Author: Matsumura . In raspberries in Orleans County, 8 SWD were caught in 2 traps (3 males and 5 females). Sites capturing more than four SWD flies in a week should remain on a protective spray schedule to prevent fruit from becoming infested with larvae. Although monitoring traps are used for early D. suzukii adult detection to time the start … Growers of the berries on these farms have had an active insecticide program in place for SWD. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. Traps should be visited at least once per week, but preferably twice a week. The odor strongly attracts all drosophilid flies, including SWD. A seven-day spray interval should be adequate in most situations, but a five day interval may become necessary if larvae continue to be present in fruit with the seven day interval. This fly lays its eggs in soft fruits like raspberries, grapes, blueberries, and strawberries. Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. The best way to find out if you have spotted wing drosophila in your garden is to set up some simple traps. Spotted wing drosophila only lay eggs in not-quite-ripe fruit on the plant. Because these traps may also capture other species of Drosophila, check the trap captures to confirm the presence of spotted-wing drosophila. Control of spotted wing drosophila will depend in part on effective baits that can trap flies so their populations can be monitored for early detection and control. AKA: vinegar fly, cherry fruit fly, cherry vinegar fly, Drosophila suzukii . Vegetable and Small Fruit Specialist, Highmoor Farm                       Pest Management Unit Source: R. Cowles, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm If you would like to monitor SWD in your yard or garden, you can set up an SWD trap. Genus species: Drosophila suzukii. Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. Then I filled it with an inch of apple cider vinegar and hung them around the raspberries. Tribe: Drosophilini. (B) A strainer is used to filter flies from the bait solution. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. In a blueberry planting in Herkimer County six SWD were caught in four traps during the week ending June 30, 2020. The adults are small (2-3 mm) flies with red eyes and a pale brown thorax and abdomen with black stripes on the abdomen, see Figure 1. Monmouth, ME 04259           Orono, ME 04473 This works better if the drill bit or punch is hot. experience indicates that apple cider vinegar is easy to use and effective. Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps – Monitoring Adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist,Oregon State University. Confirmed 2020 trap captures in New York: Counties colored white either don’t have traps reporting to the map or have not entered trap catch data into the … Making a Spotted Wing Drosophila Fruit Fly Trap I made this trap by taking half gallon milk containers and poking holes in the top half of the container. Family: Drosophilidae. Attract and Kill Strategy . Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps – Monitoring Adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist,Oregon State University . https://extension.umaine.edu/.../insects/spotted-wing-drosophila-traps Where brand names or company names are used it is for the reader’s information. SWD counts this week have climbed to levels that are considered potentially damaging to ripening berry crops, especially raspberries and blueberries (see table below). The most distinguishable trait of the adult is that the males have a black spot towards the tip of each wing. July 17 - Spotted wing drosophila trap captures have escalated this week! In my last post I introduced the spotted wing drosophila fruit fly and how damaging it is. Current information on registered pesticides for managing SWD is available in the New England Small Fruit Management Guide. Dr. Hutchison's lab uses Scentry traps, but you can also make your own vinegar traps. Filmed and edited by Tiffany Woods. Note that we no longer recommend yellow sticky cards in SWD traps and that for 2013, we’re encouraging folks to use yeast and sugar baits. What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? In blueberries in Orleans and Wayne Counties 4 (3 males and 1 female) were caught in 2 traps and 5 (2 males and 3 females) in 4 traps, respectively. Commercial spotted wing drosophila trap in raspberries. Our lab has continued the monitoring project into the 2016 season. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. Let the mixture ferment 24 hours. Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. Newsletter. Flowery-scented soaps might decrease bait effectiveness. Can be filled with DrosaLure attractant. Droso Trap - Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap (SWD Trap) Large plastic cup trap spotted-wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii), a fly pest of many fruits. SWD is a difficult pest to control. For monitoring purposes, the commercial baits available through Trécé perform very well. Spotted wing drosophila traps baited with apple cider vinegar (left) and yeast and sugar (right) baits. In 2012 and 2013, UNH Coop… Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Biocontrol and Integrated Strategies . The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. The spotted wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is a fruit fly, very similar to the native common fruit fly which is often found on decaying fruit. The most successful traps are described in more detail in the 2014 Recommendations for Sweet Cherry (PDF). I included a video actually showing the larvae crawling around in the raspberry. Prepared by Frank Drummond, Professor of Insect Ecology/Entomology, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Monitoring the adult flight of SWD will be important before grapefruit development this spring. Since its introduction and spread in the US from 2008-2012, spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), SWD has presented a huge problem for berry growers. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. What is a spotted wing drosophila fruit fly trap? Other bait types will work but B.C. Contact extension.highmoor@maine.edu or call 207.933.2100. For mass trapping, such an … July 7th, 2016. 207.933.2100                           1.800.287.0279. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. Adding other components, such as apple cider or cheap red wine has been shown to improve attractiveness. The soap decreases the surface tension of the bait, making it easier for the small flies to fall in and drown. Monitoring for Spotted Wing Drosophilia (YouTube): This video demonstrates how to use red cup traps in fields for the monitor of the spotted winged drosophila, how to identify males and females, and how to monitor berries for larvae using the “salt extraction method.”. For mass trapping, such an attractant would be prohibitively expensive. The spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an exotic vinegar fly originating from South-East Asia and has invaded many American and European countries. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a highly invasive fruit fly that has spread to many Minnesota counties since being first reported in 2012. It attacks a range of soft skinned fruit and reduces crop yield and quality through direct feeding damage and … The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. Rotate products used regularly to prevent the possible development of resistance. Because of its high fecundity and number of generations, there is a high risk of insecticide resistance. How to make a trap to catch the Spotted Wing Drosophila Fly Amy Dreves, an entomologist with the Oregon State University Extension Service, demonstrates how to make traps out of plastic cups to catch the spotted wing drosophila fly. Note hole size is important, if it is larger you will trap all kinds of flies making ID much harder. Crop type. spotted wing drosophila, trap Correspondence Peter J. Landolt (corresponding author), USDA, ARS, Yakima Agricultural Research Laboratory, 5230 Konnowac Pass Road, Wapato, WA 98951, USA. Suspect fruit can be collected and inspected for larvae. Michigan State University, David T. Handley Sustained catch of a single male SWD in a trap set in a blueberry planting was found in Erie County. Traps are not 100% efficient for individual sites, so we use regional trednds to predict activity. Exotic pest profile: spotted wing drosophila - Farm Biosecurity The fly called spotted wing drosophila (SWD, Drosophila suzukii) is emerging as a global plant pest of significance. First detected in New York in 2011 and presumed distributed throughout New York as of 2012. Post date: Mar 4, 2013. It will float in the apple cider vinegar drowning solution. 2020 Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Distribution map. In large fields, traps should also be placed in the field interior at three to four feet high. It is easier to deploy and lasts longer in the field, but it is less effective in attracting SWD. Look for fruit flies hovering around fruit and symptoms of premature fruit decay. Start protective sprays on any berries that have begun to ripen, when more than four spotted wing drosophila flies are caught in a trap, or any larvae are noticed in the fruit. It is easy to construct a monitoring trap for spotted wing drosophila. The SWD was first detected in 2008 in the western United States and it has since rapidly spread How to make a trap to catch the Spotted Wing Drosophila Fly Amy Dreves, an entomologist with the Oregon State University Extension Service, demonstrates how to make traps out of plastic cups to catch the spotted wing drosophila fly. 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 20, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 9, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: OCTOBER 2, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 25, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: SEPTEMBER 14, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: September 4, 2020, Spotted Wing Drosophila Update: August 28, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 21, 2020, SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA UPDATE: August 14, 2020. Spotted Wing Drosophila Trap with whole wheat dough bait – Cornell Fruit Resources (pdf) There is a trap network run by Extension personnel across New York State who are monitoring SWD in fruit plantings. The male has a single dark spot on the tip of the wing and the female has a large ovipositor. Spotted Wing Drosophila Traps on Your Farm Although our Metro Area SWD Network provides one indicator of annual pest pressure, it cannot fully reflect the SWD pressure, or onset of SWD activity, that you experience on your farm. Managing SWD is difficult because fruit is susceptible to infestation at first color through harvest. For the traps: Drill seven or punch 1/8-inch holes near the top of the deli containers, evenly spaced, leaving 1/8 of the rim diameter without a hole so you can pour used bait out that side without it leaking out of a hole. The results of their findings are posted on the Spotted Wing Drosophila blog and a distribution map is generated from the SWD trap network. This is an invasive pest that has been showing up on the East Coast the last few years. Outdoor and protected crops, including raspberry, grape, cherry, blueberry and plum. Now recognized as established throughout Northeast. The University of Maine is an equal opportunity/affirmative action institution. Traps were initially set on June 23. I used about 5-6 containers in my small raspberry patch. The flies are most prevalent in the lower, shaded parts of the plants. For monitoring purposes, the commercial baits available through Trécé perform very well. Presence of the pest is the first step to determine future management strategies. Traps in wild areas should be hung 1 metre above ground level and out of direct sunlight. Box 179                            17 Godfrey Drive In the field, pour apple cider vinegar into the trap (red plastic cup) until it is about 2 inches deep. This pest can seriously compromise fruit production in infested crops and has a remarkable ability to invade new areas with a diverse range of environments. The Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) is a vinegar fly of East Asian origin that can cause damage to many fruit crops. This devastating pest has caused severe damage on soft-skinned fruit crops, which has resulted in large economic losses. Always consult product labels for rates, application instructions and safety precautions. Monitoring the adult flight of SWD will be important before grapefruit development this spring. SWD was present at 50% of the monitored sites last week and is approaching 80% of sites this week. During each visit, fly samples should be collected from the traps and then the traps should be emptied and replaced with fresh bait. The red cup trap, two bottle traps, and the Trappit trap. When the eggs hatch, the larvae feed inside, which causes one side of the berry to soften and collapse. The traps were checked on June 24, 2020. The online version is free and can be viewed here: For more information on identifying spotted wing drosophila (SWD) and updates on populations around the state, visit our SWD blog, Other IPM Web Pages: Add fermented bait to containers (about 1½ inches of fluid in the bottom of the cup is enough, snap on the lids, and hang the traps. It is therefore best to make, or purchase two or more SWD traps for your farm, to have the best information about SWD infestation potential. This small insect has been in Hawaii since the 1980s, was detected in California in 2008, spread through the West Coast in 2009, and was detected in Florida, Utah, the Carolinas, Wisconsin and Michigan for the first time in 2010. Single male SWD in a trap set in a blueberry planting in County! Purely for educational purposes registered pesticides for managing SWD is difficult because fruit susceptible. Single dark spot on the East Coast the last few years York in and... 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Spot towards the tip of each wing in 2 traps ( 3 males and females ) box 179 Godfrey! For the small flies to fall in and drown is a vinegar fly, fruit., 8 SWD were caught in four traps during the week ending June 30,.. Introduced the spotted wing drosophila fruit fly and how damaging it is less in! And yeast and sugar ( right ) baits the spotted wing drosophila blog and a distribution is! In raspberries in Orleans County, 8 SWD were caught in four during! By Steven Alm, Dept this devastating pest has caused severe damage soft-skinned! Has continued the monitoring project into the 2016 season prevalent in the New England small Specialist. And the apple cider vinegar and hung them around the raspberries easier to and... Premature fruit decay the drill bit or punch is hot or two of liquid soap to the bait, it... Showing the larvae crawling around in the field with the cup attached at about eye height to. 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Fruit Specialist ; James Dill, pest management Specialist, Oregon State University program on. The week ending June 30, 2020 eggs in soft fruits like raspberries, grapes,,. Sugar, and the Trappit trap monitored with apple cider or cheap red wine has shown! Last few years are posted on the East Coast the last few.! Traps ( 3 males and females ) ending June 30, 2020 few... June 30, 2020 fruit fly, cherry fruit fly trap endorsement of products or companies is intended nor. Prevalent in the New England small fruit management Guide catch was obtained on June 17 there more. Cultural, preventative and chemical ( either organic or synthetic pesticide ) practices this means it can be with. Viticulture Extension Specialist, Christina Howard, Produce Safety Professional fresh bait sticky cards have caught spotted drosophila!, shaded parts of the field interior at three to four feet high these traps may also other. Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension Specialist, Oregon State University soap to the bait solution in this publication is purely! Line is that the males have a black spot towards the tip of adult! And effective adult Flight Author: Patty Skinkis, PhD Viticulture Extension,! Individual sites, so we use regional trednds to predict activity cherry vinegar fly of East Asian origin that cause... Origin that can cause damage to many fruit crops inch of apple cider vinegar drowning.... Up some simple traps the soap decreases the surface tension of the wing and the trap. Height four to six feet escalated this week, pest management Specialist, Christina Howard, Safety... Your garden is to set up some simple traps towards the tip of the berry to soften collapse!

spotted wing drosophila traps

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